What is Butanol?
Butanol (also known as butyl alcohol) is a colourless, flammable chemical compound with a mild, alcoholic odour. It is the product of the natural fermentation of carbohydrates and is used in a variety of applications, ranging from industrial solvents to fuel sources.It is a higher alcohol than ethanol (ethyl alcohol) and has a molecular weight of 74.12 g/mol.
Where is Butanol Generally Used?
Butanol is used in many industrial applications, including as a solvent for paints, varnishes and lacquers; a component of cleaning fluids and detergents; a fuel additive; a refinery feedstock and a refrigerant. It is also a major ingredient in some pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products.
Where is Butanol Found?
Butanol is found in a variety of sources, including petroleum, natural gas, biomass and certain plant materials such as sugar cane, corn and wheat. It can also be produced through the fermentation of carbohydrates or through a process known as catalytic reforming.
What are the Health Benefits of Butanol?
Butanol has a variety of beneficial uses, which include its ability to reduce air pollution, increase engine efficiency and reduce vehicle emissions. It also has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, making it an effective ingredient in a range of cleaning products. Additionally, it can be used as a preservative and flavouring agent in food products.
Interesting Facts about Butanol
- Butanol has a higher octane rating than petrol, which gives it a greater knock resistance and a higher energy content.
- Butanol can be blended with fossil fuels to create ‘gasohol’, a fuel source that has increased octane rating and better combustion properties.
- Butanol is an effective solvent for many resins, plastics and oils and can be used to dissolve lipids.
- Butanol can be used as a chemical intermediate in the production of other organic chemicals.
List of Other Similar Ingredients
- Benzyl Alcohol
- Isopropyl Alcohol
More information about Butanol
Butanol can be produced in either a synthetic or biological process. Synthetic butanol is manufactured using a catalytic dehydrogenation process that converts n-butane into butanol. The biological process uses bacteria to convert sugars and other organic materials into butanol.
Butanol is an excellent solvent for a variety of resins, plastics, and oils. It is also used as a fuel-additive in gasoline or diesel fuel to increase the octane rating and improve combustion. Butanol has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties and is used in a variety of cleaning products. Additionally, it is used as a preservative and flavoring agent in food products.