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Balloon Pea

What is Balloon Pea?

Balloon Pea (Field Pea, Pisum sativum) is an annual plant of the Fabaceae family which is grown mainly for its edible seeds. It is a cool season crop and is used for human consumption as well as animal fodder. Its origin can be traced back to the Mediterranean region of Europe, and it is now cultivated worldwide. The plant has a climbing habit and can reach up to three meters in height. The leaves are alternate, oval-shaped and have a distinctive double pair of leaflets. The flowers are white and purple in color, with five petals and five sepals. The pods are small and contain the small round seeds.


Where is Balloon Pea generally used?

Balloon Pea is an important crop in the agriculture industry and is widely used as a source of animal fodder and human nutrition. It is very popular in India, Pakistan, and Nepal where it is an important food source. It is also used for forage by livestock such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses. Furthermore, it is used as a cover crop and as a valuable addition to crop rotations.


Where is Balloon Pea found?

Balloon Pea is grown throughout the world and is well adapted to a wide range of climates and soils. It prefers cool conditions with good rainfall and is most commonly found in regions with a temperate climate. It is popularly cultivated in the Mediterranean region, North Africa, South America, India, Pakistan, and Nepal.


What are the health benefits of Balloon Pea?

Balloon Pea has several health benefits. It is a good source of dietary fibre and proteins, which helps to maintain a healthy digestive system. It is also rich in minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, and potassium, as well as vitamins A, C and B complex. Balloon Pea contains various phytonutrients and antioxidants that can help boost immunity, reduce inflammation, and promote heart health. Additionally, consuming Balloon Pea can help control blood sugar levels, regulate cholesterol, and maintain bone health.


Interesting Facts About Balloon Pea

  • Balloon Pea was first cultivated around 7000 BC and was an important part of the Mediterranean diet. 
  • Balloon Pea is an excellent source of energy and protein for both humans and animals.
  • This crop is drought-resistant and can thrive in both warm and cool climates.
  • The seeds of this plant are easy to digest and have an attractive nut-like flavor.
  • By-products of Balloon Pea such as the seed cake are used in animal feed. 


List of other similar ingredients

Some traditional ingredients used in traditional medicine with similar health benefits to Balloon Pea include:

  • Lentils (Lens culinaris)
  • Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum)
  • Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea)
  • Soybeans (Glycines max)
  • Mung Beans (Vigna radiata)
  • Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
  • Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) 



Balloon Pea is an important crop well-adapted to many different climates and soils. It is widely cultivated for its edible seeds, which are a good source of fibre and proteins, as well as essential minerals and vitamins. It is also believed to have numerous health benefits, such as boosting immunity, regulating cholesterol, and controlling blood sugar levels. Additionally, by-products of the plant can be used in animal feed. Some other traditional ingredients with similar health benefits to Balloon Pea include Lentils, Chickpeas, Peanuts, Soybeans, Mung Beans, Fenugreek, and Bitter Melon.

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