What is Common Dogwood?
Common Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a deciduous tree native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia. It is a medium-sized tree that grows to a height of 12 m (40 ft) with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). The bark is grey with shallow furrows, and the leaves are broadly oval, dark green and serrated. In spring, the tree produces clusters of small white flowers, followed by glossy, bright red berries in autumn.
Where is Common Dogwood Generally Used?
Common Dogwood is generally used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens, due to its attractive flowers and berries. It is also grown as a hedge and shelterbelt tree, as it is very tolerant of pruning.
Where is Common Dogwood Found?
Common Dogwood is mostly found in parks and gardens throughout Europe, as well as in natural or semi-natural woodlands and hedgerows.
What are the Health Benefits of Common Dogwood?
Common Dogwood is thought to be beneficial to health in several ways. The bark, leaves, berries and roots of the plant all contain compounds with medicinal properties. These substances are known to reduce inflammation, control symptoms of arthritis, and have antiparasitic, antifungal, and antioxidant effects.
Interesting Facts about Common Dogwood
- Common Dogwood is believed to have been used in traditional medicine for centuries.
- The bark and roots of the plant have been used to make dyes and inks.
- The bark of the tree was once used to make paper.
- The berries of the tree are a food source for birds and other wildlife.
- The tree is a symbol of death in some cultures, due to its association with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
List of Other Similar Ingredients
- Kousa Dogwood (Cornus kousa)
- Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)
- Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
- Mexican Dogwood (Cornus sessilis)
- Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
- Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)